Understand “Corona” Through Etymology
The Etymology of “Corona”
Coronaviruses are a group of RNA viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds. In humans, they cause mild to lethal respiratory tract infections. The name comes from the Latin “Corona”, meaning crown/wreath. These are so-called because they are surrounded by large, bulb-like structures, creating a solar corona (halo) like appearance.
The name “coronavirus” is derived from Latin 𝗰𝗼𝗿𝗼𝗻𝗮, meaning “crown” or “wreath”. This Latin word itself is a borrowing from the Greek word for the same.
The name was coined by June Almeida and David Tyrrell, who first observed and studied human coronaviruses.
#4.𝗪𝗵𝘆 𝗶𝘀 𝗶𝘁 𝗰𝗮𝗹𝗹𝗲𝗱 𝗰𝗿𝗼𝘄𝗻-𝗹𝗶𝗸𝗲?
The name refers to the characteristic appearance of virions (the infective form of the virus), which have a fringe of large, bulb-like surface projections creating an image similar to the 𝘀𝗼𝗹𝗮𝗿 𝗰𝗼𝗿𝗼𝗻𝗮 or halo.
A. the 𝗛𝗲𝗮𝗿𝘁 – because 𝘾𝙤𝙧𝙤𝙣𝙖𝙧𝙮 𝙖𝙧𝙩𝙚𝙧𝙞𝙚𝙨 encircle the heart like a crown;
B. a 𝗙𝗹𝗼𝘄𝗲𝗿 – because certain flowers have a crown-shaped perianth appendage called a 𝗰𝗼𝗿𝗼𝗻𝗮
C. a 𝗥𝗼𝘆𝗮𝗹 – because the crowning ceremony of a queen or a king is called a 𝗖𝗼𝗿𝗼𝗻𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻