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  • Understand โ€œPhilipโ€ Through Etymology

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    #1. ๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐˜๐˜†๐—บ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ด๐˜† ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ช๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ
    Philip derives from Greek – “hippo”, meaning “horse”. In Ancient Greece only the rich could own horses. Philip, therefore meant a horse-lover.
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  • Understand โ€œPandemicโ€ Through Etymology

    Whatโ€™s a ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ฐ? Why is #COVID19 called a #pandemic? Why does this remind me of #government, #statistics, & #PublicSpeaking?
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    #1. ๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐˜๐˜†๐—บ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ด๐˜† ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ช๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ
    The word โ€œPandemicโ€ comes from the Greek parts ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—ป (โ€œallโ€), ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—บ (โ€œpeopleโ€), & -๐—ถ๐—ฐ (โ€œofโ€, or โ€œrelated toโ€). A ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ฐ, therefore, is something (said mostly of diseases) that is ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ฒ.
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    #2. ๐—ช๐—ต๐—ผ ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ถ๐˜?
    Unclear. The earliest meaning of a pandemic was not in reference to a disease-category, but in the sense of “pertaining to all people; public, commonโ€.
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    #3. ๐—™๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐˜€๐˜ ๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฑ?
    The term “a pandemic diseaseโ€ was first used in print in 1853.
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    #4. ๐—›๐—ผ๐˜„ ๐—ถ๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ถ๐˜€ ๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐—ณ๐—ณ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜ ๐—ณ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—บ ๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—ฒ๐—ฝ๐—ถ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ฐ?
    An epidemic is smaller in scale than a ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ฐ which is an epidemic that has spread across a large region, affecting a substantial number of people.
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    #5. ๐—ช๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ผ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐˜„๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ๐˜€ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—บ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ถ๐˜€? When you think ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ฐ you should be reminded of:
    A. ๐—ด๐—ผ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ป๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜ โ€“ because democracy also comes from โ€œdemโ€ (people)
    B. ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐˜€๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐˜€ โ€“ because statistical data about people is called demographics
    C. ๐—ฝ๐˜‚๐—ฏ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ฐ ๐˜€๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ธ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด โ€“ because of Demosthenes, whose name means “vigour of the peopleโ€. #Demosthenes, anย  iconic orator, is best known for his speeches (the 4 Phillipics) against King Philip II of Macedon (the father of Alexander the Great).
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    2020 ยฉ Logophilia Education Pvt. Ltd.
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    #Logophilia #Etymology #Vocabulary #CoronaPandemic #coronavirus #WhyIsItCalledPandemic #EnglishWords #EtymologyEducation #WordOrigins #Understand #MyFavouriteWords #TheOriginOfPandemic #WHO #TheEtymologyOfPandemic #StudyWithLogophilia #Education #HowToUnderstandPandemic #pandemic2020 #WhatIsPandemic #PandemicMeaning

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  • Understand โ€œCoronaโ€ Through Etymology

    The Etymology of โ€œCoronaโ€

    Coronaviruses are a group of RNA viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds. In humans, they cause mild to lethal respiratory tract infections. The name comes from the Latin “Corona”, meaning crown/wreath.ย These are so-called because they are surrounded by large, bulb-like structures, creating a solar corona (halo) like appearance.

    Do you know why coronaviruses are called “corona” viruses? Why does this remind me of the heart, and flowers, and royal people? โ™ฅ๏ธ
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    #1. ๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐˜๐˜†๐—บ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ด๐˜† ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ช๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ
    The name “coronavirus” is derived from Latinย ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฎ, meaning “crown” or “wreath”. This Latin word itself is a borrowing fromย the Greek word for the same.
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    #2. ๐—ช๐—ต๐—ผ ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ถ๐˜?
    The name was coined byย June Almeidaย andย David Tyrrell,ย who first observed and studied human coronaviruses.
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    #3. ๐—ช๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ป ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ถ๐˜€ ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐˜€๐˜ ๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฑ?
    The word was first used in print in 1968 by an informal group of virologists in the journal Nature to designate the new family of viruses.
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    #4.๐—ช๐—ต๐˜† ๐—ถ๐˜€ ๐—ถ๐˜ ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ฐ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐˜„๐—ป-๐—น๐—ถ๐—ธ๐—ฒ?
    The name refers to the characteristic appearance ofย virionsย (the infective form of the virus), which have a fringe of large, bulb-like surface projections creating an image similar to theย ๐˜€๐—ผ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ฟ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฎย or halo.
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    #5. ๐—ช๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ผ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐˜„๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ๐˜€ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—บ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ถ๐˜€?When you think ๐˜พ๐™ค๐™ง๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™– you should be reminded of:
    A. the ๐—›๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜ – because ๐˜พ๐™ค๐™ง๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™–๐™ง๐™ฎ ๐™–๐™ง๐™ฉ๐™š๐™ง๐™ž๐™š๐™จ encircle the heart like a crown;
    B. a ๐—™๐—น๐—ผ๐˜„๐—ฒ๐—ฟ – because certain flowers have a crown-shaped perianth appendage called a ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฎ
    C. a ๐—ฅ๐—ผ๐˜†๐—ฎ๐—น – because the crowning ceremony of a queen or a king is called a ๐—–๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป
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  • Figures of Speech | #1 | Chiasmus

    Figures of Speech Chiasmus


    Chiasmus | As a figure of speech

    Pronounced

    [kee-AZ-muss]

    Etymology

    “Chiasmus comes from the Greek “chiasm” meaning “X”; or diagonal.

    Meaning

    Chiasmus is a rhetorical device, literally meaning “to shape like the letter ฮง”, is a “reversal of grammatical structures in successive phrases or clauses โ€“ but no repetition of words”.

    This speech follows a diagonal structure.

    For instance, the following sentence from Socrates, 5th Century B.C.

    โ€œBad men live that they may eat and drink, whereas good men eat and drink that they may live.โ€

    Let’s break this down into:
    1. parts in the sentence
    2. arguments (X & Y) in the sentence.

    Break-Up #1 | The Parts in the Sentence

    Break-Up #2 | The Arguments in the Sentence

    X = type of menย  | Y = their purpose

    โ€œX do (something) so that they Y, whereas X do Y that they get something else.โ€

    As per www.literarydevices.net, we should notice thatย the second half of thisย sentence is an inverted form of the first half, both grammatically and logically. What must also be noticed that this reversal was achieved without repeating the words across both parts of the sentence.

    More Details

    • Chiasmus should not be confused for antimetabole, which also involves a reversal of grammatical structures in successive phrases or clauses, but unlike chiasmus, it presents a repetition of words in an X-Y-Y-X configuration.
    • E.g. “Live to eat; or eat to live.” would be the antimetabole way of saying the same thing, as it involves repetition of words in an X-Y-Y-X format

    More Examples

    1. “By day the frolic, and the dance by night.” โ€” Samuel Johnson, The Vanity of Human Wishes (1794)
    2. “Despised, if ugly; if she’s fair, betrayed.” โ€” Mary Leapor, “Essay on Woman” (1751)

    How to Cite This Logophilia Blog Post

    If you want to cite this blog post from Logophilia in your research, choose one of the following formats.

    MLA

    Logophilia Education. https://logophilia.in/2020/04/10/figures-speech-1-chiasmus/ โ€Ž. 11 April 2020. Dhruv Raj Sharma. <www.logophilia.in>

    The Chicago Manual of Style

    Logophilia Education. 2020. https://logophilia.in/2020/04/10/figures-speech-1-chiasmus/ โ€Ž. Dhruv Raj Sharma. April 11. www.logophilia.in.

    APA

    Logophilia Education. (2020, April 11). https://logophilia.in/2020/04/10/figures-speech-1-chiasmus/ โ€Ž. (D. R. Sharma, Producer, & Logophilia Education) Retrieved from Logophilia Education: www.logophilia.in

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  • Understand โ€œCupidityโ€ Through Etymology

    The Etymology of โ€œCupidityโ€

    The word โ€œcupidityโ€ comes from the Latin parts โ€œcupidโ€ (to boil) & โ€œityโ€ (phenomenon of). Here “boiling” means to crave for something. Hence, โ€œcupidityโ€ is a lusting after or craving for material possession and acquisition, much like “avarice”.

    Cognates:ย Other derivatives from โ€œcupidโ€ includeย “Cupid“, “cupidous”, “cupidinous”,ย etc.

    What are you boiling for? ๐Ÿ˜€

    2017 ยฉ Logophilia Education Pvt. Ltd.
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  • Understand “Revenue” through Etymology

    The Etymology of “Revenue”

    The word “revenue” comes from the Latin parts “re” (back) & “ven” (to come). “Revenue” is that (part of our investment) which comes back to us.

    Cognates:ย Other derivatives from “ven” includeย convent,ย adventure, invent, circumvent, etc.

    The Etymology of Revenue


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    #Logophilia #Etymology #Words #Vocabulary #NoBetterWayToLearnEnglish #IsntThisHowYouShouldStudy #picoftheday #love #follow #EnglishWords #EnglishEtymology #EtymologyEducation #WordHistory #WordOrigins #Understand #MyFavouriteWords #Savage #like #comment #TheOriginOfRevenue #TheEtymologyOfRevenue #LatinWordsInEnglish