What’s 𝗩𝗮𝗰𝗰𝗶𝗻𝗮𝘁𝗲? Why does this remind me of #cows, & #smallpox?______________________________
______𝟭. 𝗪𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝗮𝗿𝗲 𝘆𝗼𝘂 𝘁𝗮𝗹𝗸𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗮𝗯𝗼𝘂𝘁?We’re talking about 𝘃𝗮𝗰𝗰𝗶𝗻𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 – injecting a weakened/killed microbe to stimulate the immune system against that category of microbes, thereby preventing disease.______________________________ ______𝟮. 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗘𝘁𝘆𝗺𝗼𝗹𝗼𝗴𝘆 𝗼𝗳 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗪𝗼𝗿𝗱The word 𝗩𝗮𝗰𝗰𝗶𝗻𝗮𝘁𝗲 comes from the Latin parts 𝗩𝗮𝗰𝗰𝗶𝗻 (meaning “cow”) & -𝗮𝘁𝗲 (“to”).______________________________ ______𝟯. 𝗪𝗵𝗼 𝗻𝗮𝗺𝗲𝗱 𝗶𝘁? 𝗪𝗵𝗲𝗻 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝘁𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗻𝗮𝗺𝗲 𝗳𝗶𝗿𝘀𝘁 𝘂𝘀𝗲𝗱?The term 𝗩𝗮𝗰𝗰𝗶𝗻𝗮𝘁𝗲 is a back-formation from “vaccination”, first used in 1803, 3 years after Edward Jenner coined “𝘃𝗮𝗰𝗰𝗶𝗻𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻” (1800).______________________________ ______𝟰. 𝗦𝗼 𝘄𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝗱𝗼𝗲𝘀 𝘃𝗮𝗰𝗰𝗶𝗻𝗮𝘁𝗲 𝗺𝗲𝗮𝗻? & 𝘄𝗵𝘆?𝟭𝟳𝟲𝟴, English physician 𝗝𝗼𝗵𝗻 𝗙𝗲𝘄𝘀𝘁𝗲𝗿 realised that infection with 𝗰𝗼𝘄pox created smallpox-immunity.𝟭𝟳𝟳𝟰, English farmer 𝗕𝗲𝗻𝗷𝗮𝗺𝗶𝗻 𝗝𝗲𝘀𝘁𝘆 successfully vaccinated his family against smallpox with 𝗰𝗼𝘄pox.𝟭𝟳𝟵𝟲, British doctor 𝗘𝗱𝘄𝗮𝗿𝗱 𝗝𝗲𝗻𝗻𝗲𝗿 demonstrated that infection with the relatively mild 𝗰𝗼𝘄pox virus conferred immunity against the deadly smallpox virus. Thus began the journey of the word vaccine, & this is why it is connected with 𝗰𝗼𝘄𝘀.______________________________ ______𝟱. 𝗪𝗵𝗲𝗻 𝘆𝗼𝘂 𝘁𝗵𝗶𝗻𝗸 “𝘃𝗮𝗰𝗰𝗶𝗻𝗮𝘁𝗲” 𝘆𝗼𝘂 𝘀𝗵𝗼𝘂𝗹𝗱 𝗯𝗲 𝗿𝗲𝗺𝗶𝗻𝗱𝗲𝗱 𝗼𝗳:A. 𝗰𝗼𝘄𝘀 – read ↑B. 𝘀𝗺𝗮𝗹𝗹𝗽𝗼𝘅 – duh!______________________________ ____________________________________ _____2020 © Logophilia Education Pvt. Ltd.______________________________ _____#Logophilia #Etymology #Vocabulary #WhyIsItCalledVaccinate #EnglishWords #EtymologyEducation #WordOrigins #Understand #MyFavouriteWords #TheOriginOfVaccinate #WHO #TheEtymologyOfVaccinate #StudyWithLogophilia #Education #HowToUnderstandVaccinate #pandemic2020 #WhatIsVaccinate #VaccinateMeaning
- 18 May 2020
- Comments 1
What’s a 𝗽𝗵𝗶𝗹𝗶𝗽𝗽𝗶𝗰? Why does this remind me of #kings, #electronics, and #horses?
#1. 𝗪𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝗮𝗿𝗲 𝘆𝗼𝘂 𝘁𝗮𝗹𝗸𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗮𝗯𝗼𝘂𝘁?
We’re talking about bitter, frictional, denouncing speeches about someone, and why that kind of speech is a 𝗽𝗵𝗶𝗹𝗶𝗽𝗽𝗶𝗰!
#2. 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗘𝘁𝘆𝗺𝗼𝗹𝗼𝗴𝘆
The word 𝗽𝗵𝗶𝗹𝗶𝗽𝗽𝗶𝗰 comes from the Greek parts 𝗣𝗵𝗶𝗹𝗶𝗽 (referring to “King Philip II – King of Macedon”) and -𝗶𝗰 (“related to”).
#3. 𝗪𝗵𝗼 𝗻𝗮𝗺𝗲𝗱 𝗶𝘁? 𝗪𝗵𝗲𝗻?
1592, by G. Harvey
#4. 𝗦𝗼 𝘄𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝗱𝗼𝗲𝘀 𝗽𝗵𝗶𝗹𝗶𝗽𝗽𝗶𝗰 𝗺𝗲𝗮𝗻? and 𝗪𝗵𝘆?
Demosthenes (legendary Greek orator) made speeches directed against King Philip II of Macedon (the father of Alexander the Great). These speeches came to be known as 𝙥𝙝𝙞𝙡𝙞𝙥𝙥𝙞𝙠𝙤𝙞 𝙡𝙤𝙜𝙤𝙞, or literally, “speeches relating to Philip”. In the 𝗺𝗼𝗱𝗲𝗿𝗻 𝘀𝗲𝗻𝘀𝗲, a philippic has retained only the “bitter, frictional, denouncing, defamatory speech” part of the meaning, and today the word carries no specific reference to King Philip II.
#5. When you think 𝗽𝗵𝗶𝗹𝗶𝗽𝗽𝗶𝗰 you should be reminded of:
A. 𝗸𝗶𝗻𝗴𝘀 – because lots of kings were called 𝗣𝗵𝗶𝗹𝗶𝗽 (here’s a list – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
B. 𝗲𝗹𝗲𝗰𝘁𝗿𝗼𝗻𝗶𝗰𝘀 – because 𝗣𝗵𝗶𝗹𝗶𝗽𝘀 is a Dutch multinational conglomerate and one of the largest electronics companies
C. 𝗵𝗼𝗿𝘀𝗲𝘀 – because 𝗣𝗵𝗶𝗹𝗶𝗽 = 𝗣𝗵𝗶𝗹 (love) + 𝗵𝗶𝗽𝗽 (horse) = 𝗮 𝗹𝗼𝘃𝗲𝗿 𝗼𝗳 𝗵𝗼𝗿𝘀𝗲𝘀, which is a name used to describe knights, as they used to train with their horses for long hours. See our post on 𝗣𝗵𝗶𝗹𝗶𝗽 – https://logophilia.in/
Want to study with Logophilia? For now, get LOGOPHILIA #eBOOKS on Amazon https://amzn.to/2yMtBrT
2020 © Logophilia
#Logophilia #Etymology #English #Vocabulary #
WhyIsItCalledPhilippic # EtymologyEducation # WordOrigins #Understand # MyFavouriteWords # TheOriginOfPhilippic #TheEtymologyOfPhilippic # StudyWithLogophilia #Education #HowToUnderstandPhilippic #WhatIsAPhilippic #PhilippicMeaning #PublicSpeaking
- 09 May 2020
- Comments 0
____________________________________#1. 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗘𝘁𝘆𝗺𝗼𝗹𝗼𝗴𝘆 𝗼𝗳 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗪𝗼𝗿𝗱Philip derives from Greek – “hippo”, meaning “horse”. In Ancient Greece only the rich could own horses. Philip, therefore meant a horse-lover.________________________________________________________________________2020 © Logophilia Education Pvt. Ltd.____________________________________#Logophilia #Etymology #Vocabulary #EnglishWords #Names #EtymologyEducation #WordOrigins #Understand #MyFavouriteWords #TheOriginOfPhilip #TheEtymologyOfPhilip #StudyWithLogophilia #Education #HowToUnderstandPhilip #WhoIsPhilip #PhilipMeaning
- 07 May 2020
- Comments 1
What’s a 𝗽𝗮𝗻𝗱𝗲𝗺𝗶𝗰? Why is #COVID19 called a #pandemic? Why does this remind me of #government, #statistics, & #PublicSpeaking?____________________________________#1. 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗘𝘁𝘆𝗺𝗼𝗹𝗼𝗴𝘆 𝗼𝗳 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗪𝗼𝗿𝗱The word “Pandemic” comes from the Greek parts 𝗽𝗮𝗻 (“all”), 𝗱𝗲𝗺 (“people”), & -𝗶𝗰 (“of”, or “related to”). A 𝗽𝗮𝗻𝗱𝗲𝗺𝗶𝗰, therefore, is something (said mostly of diseases) that is 𝗿𝗲𝗹𝗮𝘁𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗼 𝗮𝗹𝗹 𝗽𝗲𝗼𝗽𝗹𝗲.____________________________________#2. 𝗪𝗵𝗼 𝗻𝗮𝗺𝗲𝗱 𝗶𝘁?Unclear. The earliest meaning of a pandemic was not in reference to a disease-category, but in the sense of “pertaining to all people; public, common”.____________________________________#3. 𝗙𝗶𝗿𝘀𝘁 𝘂𝘀𝗲𝗱?The term “a pandemic disease” was first used in print in 1853.____________________________________#4. 𝗛𝗼𝘄 𝗶𝘀 𝘁𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗱𝗶𝗳𝗳𝗲𝗿𝗲𝗻𝘁 𝗳𝗿𝗼𝗺 𝗮𝗻 𝗲𝗽𝗶𝗱𝗲𝗺𝗶𝗰?An epidemic is smaller in scale than a 𝗽𝗮𝗻𝗱𝗲𝗺𝗶𝗰 which is an epidemic that has spread across a large region, affecting a substantial number of people.____________________________________#5. 𝗪𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝗼𝘁𝗵𝗲𝗿 𝘄𝗼𝗿𝗱𝘀 𝗰𝗼𝗺𝗲 𝗳𝗿𝗼𝗺 𝘁𝗵𝗶𝘀? When you think 𝗽𝗮𝗻𝗱𝗲𝗺𝗶𝗰 you should be reminded of:A. 𝗴𝗼𝘃𝗲𝗿𝗻𝗺𝗲𝗻𝘁 – because democracy also comes from “dem” (people)B. 𝘀𝘁𝗮𝘁𝗶𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗰𝘀 – because statistical data about people is called demographicsC. 𝗽𝘂𝗯𝗹𝗶𝗰 𝘀𝗽𝗲𝗮𝗸𝗶𝗻𝗴 – because of Demosthenes, whose name means “vigour of the people”. #Demosthenes, an iconic orator, is best known for his speeches (the 4 Phillipics) against King Philip II of Macedon (the father of Alexander the Great).________________________________________________________________________2020 © Logophilia Education Pvt. Ltd.____________________________________#Logophilia #Etymology #Vocabulary #CoronaPandemic #coronavirus #WhyIsItCalledPandemic #EnglishWords #EtymologyEducation #WordOrigins #Understand #MyFavouriteWords #TheOriginOfPandemic #WHO #TheEtymologyOfPandemic #StudyWithLogophilia #Education #HowToUnderstandPandemic #pandemic2020 #WhatIsPandemic #PandemicMeaning
- 02 May 2020
- Comments 0
The Etymology of “Corona”
Coronaviruses are a group of RNA viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds. In humans, they cause mild to lethal respiratory tract infections. The name comes from the Latin “Corona”, meaning crown/wreath. These are so-called because they are surrounded by large, bulb-like structures, creating a solar corona (halo) like appearance.Do you know why coronaviruses are called “corona” viruses? Why does this remind me of the heart, and flowers, and royal people? ♥️
____________________________________#1. 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗘𝘁𝘆𝗺𝗼𝗹𝗼𝗴𝘆 𝗼𝗳 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗪𝗼𝗿𝗱
The name “coronavirus” is derived from Latin 𝗰𝗼𝗿𝗼𝗻𝗮, meaning “crown” or “wreath”. This Latin word itself is a borrowing from the Greek word for the same.
____________________________________#2. 𝗪𝗵𝗼 𝗻𝗮𝗺𝗲𝗱 𝗶𝘁?
The name was coined by June Almeida and David Tyrrell, who first observed and studied human coronaviruses.
____________________________________#3. 𝗪𝗵𝗲𝗻 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝘁𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗻𝗮𝗺𝗲 𝗳𝗶𝗿𝘀𝘁 𝘂𝘀𝗲𝗱?The word was first used in print in 1968 by an informal group of virologists in the journal Nature to designate the new family of viruses.____________________________________
#4.𝗪𝗵𝘆 𝗶𝘀 𝗶𝘁 𝗰𝗮𝗹𝗹𝗲𝗱 𝗰𝗿𝗼𝘄𝗻-𝗹𝗶𝗸𝗲?
The name refers to the characteristic appearance of virions (the infective form of the virus), which have a fringe of large, bulb-like surface projections creating an image similar to the 𝘀𝗼𝗹𝗮𝗿 𝗰𝗼𝗿𝗼𝗻𝗮 or halo.
____________________________________#5. 𝗪𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝗼𝘁𝗵𝗲𝗿 𝘄𝗼𝗿𝗱𝘀 𝗰𝗼𝗺𝗲 𝗳𝗿𝗼𝗺 𝘁𝗵𝗶𝘀?When you think 𝘾𝙤𝙧𝙤𝙣𝙖 you should be reminded of:
A. the 𝗛𝗲𝗮𝗿𝘁 – because 𝘾𝙤𝙧𝙤𝙣𝙖𝙧𝙮 𝙖𝙧𝙩𝙚𝙧𝙞𝙚𝙨 encircle the heart like a crown;
B. a 𝗙𝗹𝗼𝘄𝗲𝗿 – because certain flowers have a crown-shaped perianth appendage called a 𝗰𝗼𝗿𝗼𝗻𝗮
C. a 𝗥𝗼𝘆𝗮𝗹 – because the crowning ceremony of a queen or a king is called a 𝗖𝗼𝗿𝗼𝗻𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻
______Want to study with Logophilia? For now, BUY LOGOPHILIA eBOOKS on Amazon https://amzn.to/2yMtBrT
_____2020 © Logophilia Education Pvt. Ltd.______________________________ _____#Logophilia #Etymology # coronavirus #covid19 # SolarCorona #Crown #Words # Vocabulary #coronaupdate # CoronaPandemic # WhyIsItCalledCorona # EnglishWords # EtymologyEducation # WordOrigins #Understand # MyFavouriteWords # TheOriginOfCorona #WHO
StudyWithLogophilia #Education #India #WhatSchoolsDontTeach
- 30 Apr 2020
- Comments 0
Chiasmus | As a figure of speech
“Chiasmus comes from the Greek “chiasm” meaning “X”; or diagonal.
Chiasmus is a rhetorical device, literally meaning “to shape like the letter Χ”, is a “reversal of grammatical structures in successive phrases or clauses – but no repetition of words”.
This speech follows a diagonal structure.
For instance, the following sentence from Socrates, 5th Century B.C.
“Bad men live that they may eat and drink, whereas good men eat and drink that they may live.”
Let’s break this down into:
1. parts in the sentence
2. arguments (X & Y) in the sentence.
Break-Up #1 | The Parts in the Sentence
Break-Up #2 | The Arguments in the Sentence
X = type of men | Y = their purpose
“X do (something) so that they Y, whereas X do Y that they get something else.”
As per www.literarydevices.net, we should notice that the second half of this sentence is an inverted form of the first half, both grammatically and logically. What must also be noticed that this reversal was achieved without repeating the words across both parts of the sentence.
- Chiasmus should not be confused for antimetabole, which also involves a reversal of grammatical structures in successive phrases or clauses, but unlike chiasmus, it presents a repetition of words in an X-Y-Y-X configuration.
- E.g. “Live to eat; or eat to live.” would be the antimetabole way of saying the same thing, as it involves repetition of words in an X-Y-Y-X format
- “By day the frolic, and the dance by night.” — Samuel Johnson, The Vanity of Human Wishes (1794)
- “Despised, if ugly; if she’s fair, betrayed.” — Mary Leapor, “Essay on Woman” (1751)
How to Cite This Logophilia Blog Post
If you want to cite this blog post from Logophilia in your research, choose one of the following formats.
Logophilia Education. https://logophilia.in/2020/04/10/figures-speech-1-chiasmus/ . 11 April 2020. Dhruv Raj Sharma. <www.logophilia.in>
The Chicago Manual of Style
Logophilia Education. 2020. https://logophilia.in/2020/04/10/figures-speech-1-chiasmus/ . Dhruv Raj Sharma. April 11. www.logophilia.in.
Logophilia Education. (2020, April 11). https://logophilia.in/2020/04/10/figures-speech-1-chiasmus/ . (D. R. Sharma, Producer, & Logophilia Education) Retrieved from Logophilia Education: www.logophilia.in
- 10 Apr 2020
- Comments 0