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  • Understand โ€œHypothermiaโ€ Through Etymology

    Whatโ€™s ๐—ต๐˜†๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ฎ? Why does this remind me of #tea, #needles, & #clothes? ๏ธ

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    ๐Ÿญ. ๐—ช๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐˜†๐—ผ๐˜‚ ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ธ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ฎ๐—ฏ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜?

    Weโ€™re talking about ๐—ต๐˜†๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ฎ – a body core temperature below 35.0 ยฐC (95.0 ยฐF) in humans.

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    ๐Ÿฎ. ๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐˜๐˜†๐—บ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ด๐˜† ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ช๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ

    The word ๐—ต๐˜†๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ฎ comes from the Greek parts ๐—ต๐˜†๐—ฝ๐—ผ (meaning โ€œless thanโ€), ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—บ (meaning โ€œless thanโ€), & -๐—ถ๐—ฎ (โ€œstate; conditionโ€).

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    ๐Ÿฏ. ๐—ช๐—ต๐—ผ ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ถ๐˜? ๐—ช๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ป ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ถ๐˜€ ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐˜€๐˜ ๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฑ?

    The term ๐—ต๐˜†๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ฎ is said to have been first recorded in 1885โ€“90. Antarctic explorers Ernest Shackleton & his team observed that body temperatures “below 94.2ยฐ, … … spells death at home”, though this probably referred to oral temperatures rather than core temperature & corresponded to mild hypothermia.

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    ๐Ÿฐ. ๐—ช๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ป ๐—œ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ธ “๐—ต๐˜†๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ฎ” ๐˜„๐—ต๐˜† ๐—ฎ๐—บ ๐—œ ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ผ๐—ณ:

    A. ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฎ โ€“ because “thermos”, another word from “therm”

    B. ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ๐—น๐—ฒ๐˜€ โ€“ because “hypodermic needles”. You’re so predictable :/

    C. ๐—ฐ๐—น๐—ผ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐˜€ โ€“ because “thermal vests”? Seriously, guys!

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    #Logophilia #Etymology #Vocabulary #WhyIsItCalledHypothermia #EnglishWords #EtymologyEducation #WordOrigins #Understand #MyFavouriteWords #TheOriginOfHypothermia #TheEtymologyOfHypothermia #Education #HowToUnderstandHypothermia #WhatIsHypothermia #HypothermiaMeaning #Galwan #IndianSoldiers #SantoshBabu #IndoChina

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  • Understand โ€œVaccinateโ€ Through Etymology

    Whatโ€™s ๐—ฉ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ? Why does this remind me of #cows, & #smallpox?
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    ๐Ÿญ. ๐—ช๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐˜†๐—ผ๐˜‚ ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ธ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ฎ๐—ฏ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜?
    Weโ€™re talking about ๐˜ƒ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป – injecting a weakened/killed microbe to stimulate the immune system against that category of microbes, thereby preventing disease.
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    ๐Ÿฎ. ๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐˜๐˜†๐—บ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ด๐˜† ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ช๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ
    The word ๐—ฉ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ comes from the Latin parts ๐—ฉ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป (meaning โ€œcowโ€) & -๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ (โ€œtoโ€).
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    ๐Ÿฏ. ๐—ช๐—ต๐—ผ ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ถ๐˜? ๐—ช๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ป ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ถ๐˜€ ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐˜€๐˜ ๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฑ?
    The term ๐—ฉ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ is a back-formation from “vaccination”, first used in 1803, 3 years after Edward Jenner coined “๐˜ƒ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป” (1800).
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    ๐Ÿฐ. ๐—ฆ๐—ผ ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ฑ๐—ผ๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐˜ƒ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ป? & ๐˜„๐—ต๐˜†?
    ๐Ÿญ๐Ÿณ๐Ÿฒ๐Ÿด, English physician ๐—๐—ผ๐—ต๐—ป ๐—™๐—ฒ๐˜„๐˜€๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ realised that infection with ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐˜„pox created smallpox-immunity.
    ๐Ÿญ๐Ÿณ๐Ÿณ๐Ÿฐ, English farmer ๐—•๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ท๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜๐˜† successfully vaccinated his family against smallpox with ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐˜„pox.
    ๐Ÿญ๐Ÿณ๐Ÿต๐Ÿฒ, British doctor ๐—˜๐—ฑ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ ๐—๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ฟ demonstrated that infection with the relatively mild ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐˜„pox virus conferred immunity against the deadly smallpox virus. Thus began the journey of the word vaccine, & this is why it is connected with ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐˜„๐˜€.
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    ๐Ÿฑ. ๐—ช๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ป ๐˜†๐—ผ๐˜‚ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ธ “๐˜ƒ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ” ๐˜†๐—ผ๐˜‚ ๐˜€๐—ต๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—น๐—ฑ ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ผ๐—ณ:
    A. ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐˜„๐˜€ โ€“ read โ†‘
    B. ๐˜€๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐˜… โ€“ duh!
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  • Understand โ€œPhilippicโ€ Through Etymology

    Whatโ€™s a ๐—ฝ๐—ต๐—ถ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ฝ๐—ฝ๐—ถ๐—ฐ? Why does this remind me of #kings, #electronics, and #horses?
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    #1. ๐—ช๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐˜†๐—ผ๐˜‚ ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ธ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ฎ๐—ฏ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜?
    Weโ€™re talking about bitter, frictional, denouncing speeches about someone, and why that kind of speech is a ๐—ฝ๐—ต๐—ถ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ฝ๐—ฝ๐—ถ๐—ฐ!
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    #2. ๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐˜๐˜†๐—บ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ด๐˜†
    The word ๐—ฝ๐—ต๐—ถ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ฝ๐—ฝ๐—ถ๐—ฐ comes from the Greek parts ๐—ฃ๐—ต๐—ถ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ฝ (referring to โ€œKing Philip II – King of Macedonโ€) and -๐—ถ๐—ฐ (โ€œrelated toโ€).
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    #3. ๐—ช๐—ต๐—ผ ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ถ๐˜? ๐—ช๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ป?
    1592, by G. Harvey
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    #4. ๐—ฆ๐—ผ ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ฑ๐—ผ๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐—ฝ๐—ต๐—ถ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ฝ๐—ฝ๐—ถ๐—ฐ ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ป? and ๐—ช๐—ต๐˜†?
    Demosthenes (legendary Greek orator) made speeches directed against King Philip II of Macedon (the father of Alexander the Great). These speeches came to be known as ๐™ฅ๐™๐™ž๐™ก๐™ž๐™ฅ๐™ฅ๐™ž๐™ ๐™ค๐™ž ๐™ก๐™ค๐™œ๐™ค๐™ž, or literally, โ€œspeeches relating to Philipโ€. In the ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ป ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜€๐—ฒ, a philippic has retained only the โ€œbitter, frictional, denouncing, defamatory speechโ€ part of the meaning, and today the word carries no specific reference to King Philip II.
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    #5. When you think ๐—ฝ๐—ต๐—ถ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ฝ๐—ฝ๐—ถ๐—ฐ you should be reminded of:
    A. ๐—ธ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด๐˜€ โ€“ because lots of kings were called ๐—ฃ๐—ต๐—ถ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ฝ (here’s a list –ย https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_(name))
    B. ๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐˜๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐˜€ โ€“ because ๐—ฃ๐—ต๐—ถ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ฝ๐˜€ is a Dutch multinational conglomerate and one of the largest electronics companies
    C. ๐—ต๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐˜€ โ€“ because ๐—ฃ๐—ต๐—ถ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ฝ = ๐—ฃ๐—ต๐—ถ๐—น (love) + ๐—ต๐—ถ๐—ฝ๐—ฝ (horse) = ๐—ฎ ๐—น๐—ผ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ต๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐˜€, which is a name used to describe knights, as they used to train with their horses for long hours. See our post on ๐—ฃ๐—ต๐—ถ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ฝ –ย https://logophilia.in/understand-philip-etymology
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    #Logophiliaย #Etymology #English #Vocabularyย #WhyIsItCalledPhilippicย #EtymologyEducationย #WordOriginsย #Understandย #MyFavouriteWordsย #TheOriginOfPhilippic #TheEtymologyOfPhilippicย #StudyWithLogophiliaย #Education #HowToUnderstandPhilippic #WhatIsAPhilippic #PhilippicMeaning #PublicSpeaking

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  • Understand โ€œPhilipโ€ Through Etymology

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    #1. ๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐˜๐˜†๐—บ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ด๐˜† ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ช๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ
    Philip derives from Greek – “hippo”, meaning “horse”. In Ancient Greece only the rich could own horses. Philip, therefore meant a horse-lover.
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    #Logophilia #Etymology #Vocabulary #EnglishWords #Names #EtymologyEducation #WordOrigins #Understand #MyFavouriteWords #TheOriginOfPhilip #TheEtymologyOfPhilip #StudyWithLogophilia #Education #HowToUnderstandPhilip #WhoIsPhilip #PhilipMeaning

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  • Understand โ€œPandemicโ€ Through Etymology

    Whatโ€™s a ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ฐ? Why is #COVID19 called a #pandemic? Why does this remind me of #government, #statistics, & #PublicSpeaking?
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    #1. ๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐˜๐˜†๐—บ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ด๐˜† ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ช๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ
    The word โ€œPandemicโ€ comes from the Greek parts ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—ป (โ€œallโ€), ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—บ (โ€œpeopleโ€), & -๐—ถ๐—ฐ (โ€œofโ€, or โ€œrelated toโ€). A ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ฐ, therefore, is something (said mostly of diseases) that is ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ฒ.
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    #2. ๐—ช๐—ต๐—ผ ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ถ๐˜?
    Unclear. The earliest meaning of a pandemic was not in reference to a disease-category, but in the sense of “pertaining to all people; public, commonโ€.
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    #3. ๐—™๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐˜€๐˜ ๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฑ?
    The term “a pandemic diseaseโ€ was first used in print in 1853.
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    #4. ๐—›๐—ผ๐˜„ ๐—ถ๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ถ๐˜€ ๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐—ณ๐—ณ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜ ๐—ณ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—บ ๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—ฒ๐—ฝ๐—ถ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ฐ?
    An epidemic is smaller in scale than a ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ฐ which is an epidemic that has spread across a large region, affecting a substantial number of people.
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    #5. ๐—ช๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ผ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐˜„๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ๐˜€ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—บ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ถ๐˜€? When you think ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ฐ you should be reminded of:
    A. ๐—ด๐—ผ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ป๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜ โ€“ because democracy also comes from โ€œdemโ€ (people)
    B. ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐˜€๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐˜€ โ€“ because statistical data about people is called demographics
    C. ๐—ฝ๐˜‚๐—ฏ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ฐ ๐˜€๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ธ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด โ€“ because of Demosthenes, whose name means “vigour of the peopleโ€. #Demosthenes, anย  iconic orator, is best known for his speeches (the 4 Phillipics) against King Philip II of Macedon (the father of Alexander the Great).
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    #Logophilia #Etymology #Vocabulary #CoronaPandemic #coronavirus #WhyIsItCalledPandemic #EnglishWords #EtymologyEducation #WordOrigins #Understand #MyFavouriteWords #TheOriginOfPandemic #WHO #TheEtymologyOfPandemic #StudyWithLogophilia #Education #HowToUnderstandPandemic #pandemic2020 #WhatIsPandemic #PandemicMeaning

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  • Understand โ€œCoronaโ€ Through Etymology

    The Etymology of โ€œCoronaโ€

    Coronaviruses are a group of RNA viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds. In humans, they cause mild to lethal respiratory tract infections. The name comes from the Latin “Corona”, meaning crown/wreath.ย These are so-called because they are surrounded by large, bulb-like structures, creating a solar corona (halo) like appearance.

    Do you know why coronaviruses are called “corona” viruses? Why does this remind me of the heart, and flowers, and royal people? โ™ฅ๏ธ
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    #1. ๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐˜๐˜†๐—บ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ด๐˜† ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ช๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ
    The name “coronavirus” is derived from Latinย ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฎ, meaning “crown” or “wreath”. This Latin word itself is a borrowing fromย the Greek word for the same.
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    #2. ๐—ช๐—ต๐—ผ ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ถ๐˜?
    The name was coined byย June Almeidaย andย David Tyrrell,ย who first observed and studied human coronaviruses.
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    #3. ๐—ช๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ป ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ถ๐˜€ ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐˜€๐˜ ๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฑ?
    The word was first used in print in 1968 by an informal group of virologists in the journal Nature to designate the new family of viruses.
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    #4.๐—ช๐—ต๐˜† ๐—ถ๐˜€ ๐—ถ๐˜ ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ฐ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐˜„๐—ป-๐—น๐—ถ๐—ธ๐—ฒ?
    The name refers to the characteristic appearance ofย virionsย (the infective form of the virus), which have a fringe of large, bulb-like surface projections creating an image similar to theย ๐˜€๐—ผ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ฟ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฎย or halo.
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    #5. ๐—ช๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ผ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐˜„๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ๐˜€ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—บ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ถ๐˜€?When you think ๐˜พ๐™ค๐™ง๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™– you should be reminded of:
    A. the ๐—›๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜ – because ๐˜พ๐™ค๐™ง๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™–๐™ง๐™ฎ ๐™–๐™ง๐™ฉ๐™š๐™ง๐™ž๐™š๐™จ encircle the heart like a crown;
    B. a ๐—™๐—น๐—ผ๐˜„๐—ฒ๐—ฟ – because certain flowers have a crown-shaped perianth appendage called a ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฎ
    C. a ๐—ฅ๐—ผ๐˜†๐—ฎ๐—น – because the crowning ceremony of a queen or a king is called a ๐—–๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป
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